FMI-SiR: A Flexible and Efficient Module for Similarity Searching on Oracle Database

Daniel S. Kaster, Pedro H. Bugatti, Agma J. M. Traina, Caetano Traina Jr.


The volume of complex data (images, videos, audio, time series, DNA sequences, and others) has been growing at a very fast pace. Although they are not naturally handled by Database Management Systems (DBMSs), it is necessary to store them in databases. Complex data are well-suited to be queried by similarity, and several works have been addressing techniques for similarity searching. However, the majority of the techniques is not conceived to be integrated into a database engine. To include similarity search into the database core requires allow taking advantage of the DBMS resources to perform queries, integrating complex and conventional data. Oracle Corp. developed the Oracle interMedia module to support multimedia data in its database manager, providing several operations to manipulate them. It allows performing content-based image retrieval through proprietary functions to extract intrinsic features from images and to compute their similarity.
In this paper we describe another module for similarity search, also developed using the Oracle's Extensible Architecture Framework. Our approach allows including user-defined feature extraction methods and distance functions into the database core, whereas providing wider flexibility. The similarity operators supported include both similarity selection on a single relation, as well as similarity range joins performed over two relations. The experiments show that employing our module to query images by content improves the results obtained using Oracle alone, both in the precision of the results and in the performance of executing queries.

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An official publication of the Brazilian Computer Society Special Interest Group on Databases.